Gfal029

刀糖齐飞,伤己伤人;漫画搬运(CP向);长期话唠
Stucky (Captain America); Jim Prideaux & Bill Haydon (TTSS); Daniel Brühl

2014年上映的美国队长二里Bucky生平展板上的生卒年份是1917-1944(队二 19:23)。但在2016年1月出版的队一指南(Guidebook to the Marvel Cinematic Universe - Marvel's Captain America: The First Avenger)中,官方却推翻了这个设定。

 

第二张图(Guidebook, p. 8)红框中的原文是:

In March 1945Zola set a trap for Captain America on a train; though Cap's long-time friend James 'Bucky' Barnes apparently lost his life during the mission, Zola was captured and taken into the SSR headquarters for interrogation. 


根据这段话可知:Bucky掉火车是在1945年3月,这场任务是Zola为美国队长设下的陷阱。队二中队长失踪的见报日期是1945年3月5日。如果军方没有拖延消息,Steve Rogers沉海的日期应该是见报前一天,即3月4日。也就是说,Bucky和Steve的 "死亡" 最多相隔4天。


回看一下队一中发生在小酒馆里的两段对话:


第一段:Captain America - The First Avenger, 47: 15

Steve:

How about you? You ready follow Captain America into the jaws of death?


Bucky:

Hell no, the little guy from Brooklyn who was too dumb not to run from a fight, I'm following him.


第二段:Captain America - The First Avenger, 90:30

Peggy:

It wasn't your fault.


Steve:

Did you read the report?


Peggy:

Yes.


Steve:

Then you know that's not true.


Peggy:

You did everything you could. Did you believe your friend? Did you respect him? Then stop blaming yourself. 


Steve在Bucky死后表现出的 "Guilt torment" 非常典型。战争中幸存的老兵常提到一句话 "It should've been me!" 就像一位幸存者的回忆:

In my heart it's – if I was there, he would be dead. I didn't do my job. I didn't bring him home…When it come the time, doc, I didn't take care of him. When he needed me, I wasn't there…I should take the fucking round myself. (p. 69)


Dr Shay在Achilles in Vietnam中提到道德创伤(moral injury)这个说法,具体表现为悲伤、自责、愧疚和背叛感。虽然队长二战中站在反法西斯一方具有正义性,但Bucky的死亡给他造成的情感伤害却难以复原。Steve本无需如此,但经受的道德创伤却让他觉得自己对Bucky之死负有责任——向Howling Commando成员部属作战命令,却没能识别Zola的陷阱;和Bucky一起战斗却没能看顾好他,甚至亲眼目睹了Bucky的死亡。也许Steve会想,如果不是为了他,Bucky会不会在被解救后依旧重返战场?如果Bucky依旧留在107步兵师,而不是追随 "布鲁克林小个子" 加入咆哮突击队,他是不是就不会死?为什么Zola的陷阱针对的是美国队长Steve Rogers,死去的却是Bucky?


Homing Renounced一节中Dr Shay对悲伤和负罪情绪的分析:

Grief and guilt of seem to merge in the wake of a closest friend's death in the battle. Both slam the door on a homecoming for the survivor. Grief, as we saw in the previous chapter, can lead man to give up all the desire to return home alive. The searing guilt of 'it should've be me' has the same result. The reader can recall the wrenching scene of Achilles cutting his hair before Patroklos's pyre and these veterans' own words, "I didn't see myself going home, No…Nope…No I didn't," and "In my wildest thoughts I never expected to return home alive, and emotionally never have." (p. 73)


如果在近七十年的冰冻中Steve曾经做梦,他的梦境又会是什么样的呢?


————————

图二:

Bucky和盟军被俘士兵关押的地方在Krausberg, Austria. 

队长带领咆哮突击队拔掉的Hydra基地分别位于法国、比利时、前捷克斯洛伐克、列支敦士登和某丹麦海峡无名岛。



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